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Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a landlocked Alpine country in Central Europe. The country, which borders Germany to the north, France to the west, Italy to the south, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east, was historically a confederation, and has been a federation since 1848. Switzerland is a federation of relatively autonomous cantons, some of which have a history of confederacy that goes back more than seven hundred years, arguably putting them among the world's oldest surviving republics. With an area of forty one thousand two hundred and eighty five square kilometers, Switzerland is a relatively small country. Switzerland comprises three basic topographical areas namely the Swiss Alps, the Swiss plateau, and the Jura Mountains. Switzerland has four official languages namely German, French, Italian and Romansh.
Baden is a town in the Swiss canton of Aargau, on the west bank of the river Limmat, 25 kilometers North West of Zurich. Its population as of the end of 2005 was 16,844. It has a total surface area of 13.17 square kilometers. Baden is chiefly visited because of its hot sulphur springs, which are mentioned by Tacitus and were very fashionable in the 15th and 16th centuries. They are especially efficacious in cases of gouty and rheumatic affections. The town, dominated on the west by the ruined castle of Stein, is very picturesque, with its steep and narrow streets, its old wooden bridge and its one surviving gateway. Today Baden is a regular stop of the railway lines Zurich-Basel and Zurich-Bern. The A1 motorway tunnel Baregg is a major junction in the area.
A city known for its historic myths and traditions, scenic beauty, luxurious hotels and cottages, Baden is one of the favorite holiday destinations for most of the vacation lovers. It is also considered as the preeminent, historical and potential tourism destination that enjoys a very positive reputation with worldwide travelers to become one of the most visited places.

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