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Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a landlocked Alpine country in Central Europe. The country, which borders Germany to the north, France to the west, Italy to the south, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east, was historically a confederation, and has been a federation since 1848. Switzerland is a federation of relatively autonomous cantons, some of which have a history of confederacy that goes back more than 700 years, arguably putting them among the world's oldest surviving republics. With an area of 41,285 square kilometers, Switzerland is a relatively small country. Switzerland comprises three basic topographical areas namely the Swiss Alps, the Swiss plateau, and the Jura Mountains. Switzerland has four official languages namely German, French, Italian and Romansh.
Herisau is a municipality in the canton of Appenzell Ausserrhoden in Switzerland. It has a population of 15,600 as of 2002. The area of Herisau is 25.17 square kilometers. The town has an elevation of 771 meters above the sea level. Herisau is the seat of the canton's government and parliament. Herisau was first mentioned in 837, its church in 907. In 1084, Herisau was destroyed as part of battles around the monastery in St. Gallen. In 1248 and 1249 the town was destroyed again, this time by the monastery to establish loyalty. In 1401, Herisau joined an alliance with other places in Appenzell. Between 1517 and 1518 Herisau managed to buy itself free from the monastery.
The town hall in Herisau was built in 1601. In 1648, Schwellbrunn separates and becomes an independent village. Between the years 1798 to 1803, Herisau was the capital of the canton Santis. Herisau is located in the centre of eastern Switzerland. As early as 1537 it established itself as an important centre of trade and commerce.
Herisau is a city known for its culture, exotic locations, scenic beauty, cooperative people and luxurious hotels and cottages. Herisau is one of the favorite holiday destinations for most of the vacation lovers.

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