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Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a landlocked Alpine country in Central Europe. The country, which borders Germany to the north, France to the west, Italy to the south, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east, was historically a confederation, and has been a federation since 1848. Switzerland is a federation of relatively autonomous cantons, some of which have a history of confederacy that goes back more than 700 years, arguably putting them among the world's oldest surviving republics. With an area of 41,285 square kilometers, Switzerland is a relatively small country. Switzerland comprises three basic topographical areas namely the Swiss Alps, the Swiss plateau, and the Jura Mountains. Switzerland has four official languages namely German, French, Italian and Romansh.
Horgen is a locality in Switzerland. Situated in the Canton of Zurich, it is one of the larger towns along the left flank of the Lake of Zurich. The town has a population of 18,303 inhabitants as of December 2005. The town has a total area of 21.07 square kilometers. The town is elevated at about 408 meters above the sea level. Horgen is also the type-site of Switzerland's middle Neolithic archaeological culture. The settlements in the town produced examples of a type of crude pottery with parallels to the Seine-Oise-Marne culture of northern France.
For transportation in the town, the A3 motorway has a junction close to the more hilly part of the town. Horgen has two railway stations in all. Only regional trains stop at the Horgen Oberdorf station. As well as being close to the lake, boats also dock at Horgen.
Presently, Horgen experiences a sharp social, economic and population growth derivative of the strategic position of the locality and the high level of well-being and quality of life that is enjoyed with respect to other places of Switzerland. Horgen, justifiably so, enjoys a very positive reputation with worldwide travelers, and is one of the most visited place.

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