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Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a landlocked Alpine country in Central Europe. The country, which borders Germany to the north, France to the west, Italy to the south, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east, was historically a confederation, and has been a federation since 1848. Switzerland is a federation of relatively autonomous cantons, some of which have a history of confederacy that goes back more than 700 years, arguably putting them among the world's oldest surviving republics. With an area of 41,285 square kilometres, Switzerland is a relatively small country. Switzerland comprises three basic topographical areas namely the Swiss Alps, the Swiss plateau, and the Jura mountains. Switzerland has four official languages namely German, French, Italian and Romansh.
Liestal is a Swiss town, the capital of the canton Basel, 17 kilometers south of Basel, and 6 kilometers south of Augst. It is an industrial town with a cobble-street Old Town. The name Lihstal was first mentioned in 1189, and the settlement dates at least from Roman times. The progress of the town is because of its strategic location on the road between the first bridge over the Rhine at Basel and the St. Gotthard Pass.
Citizens of this city participated in the Burgundian Wars in 1476 and 1477 against Charles the Bold. In 1501, the mayor swore loyalty to the Swiss Confederation, and this caused repeated quarrel with neighboring Rheinfelden, which belonged to the Hapsburgs.
In 1789, the town excitedly hailed the French call for freedom and equality. It celebrated Napoleon, when he traveled through town in 1797.
A city known for its historic myths and traditions, scenic beauty, luxurious hotels and cottages, Liestal is one of the favorite holiday destinations for most of the vacation lovers.

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