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Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a landlocked Alpine country in Central Europe. The country, which borders Germany to the north, France to the west, Italy to the south, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east, was historically a confederation, and has been a federation since 1848. Switzerland is a federation of relatively autonomous cantons, some of which have a history of confederacy that goes back more than 700 years, arguably putting them among the world's oldest surviving republics. With an area of 41,285 square kilometres, Switzerland is a relatively small country. Switzerland comprises three basic topographical areas namely the Swiss Alps, the Swiss plateau, and the Jura mountains. Switzerland has four official languages namely German, French, Italian and Romansh.
Lucerne is a city in central Switzerland. It is the state capital of the Canton of Lucerne and seat of the district with the same name. With a population of 57,533, it is the most heavily populated city in Central Switzerland and focal point of the region. The city's agglomeration consists of 17 municipalities in three cantons with an overall population of nearly 200,000. Due to its location on the shore of Lake Lucerne, it is traditionally considered as a touristy city. One of the city's well-known landmarks is Chapel Bridge, a wooden bridge from the 14th Century.
The city was first mentioned in 840 AD. In 1601 the city was devastated by an earthquake and tsunami. Lucerne was the center of a peasants' revolt in 1653 against the aristocratic regime in the towns and also was for a short time capital of the Napoleonic Helvetian Republic from 1798 to 1803.
A city known for its historic myths and traditions, scenic beauty, luxurious hotels and cottages, Lucerne is one of the favorite holiday destinations for most of the vacation lovers.

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