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Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a landlocked Alpine country in Central Europe. The country, which borders Germany to the north, France to the west, Italy to the south, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east, was historically a confederation, and has been a federation since 1848. Switzerland is a federation of relatively autonomous cantons, some of which have a history of confederacy that goes back more than 700 years, arguably putting them among the world's oldest surviving republics. With an area of 41,285 square kilometres, Switzerland is a relatively small country. Switzerland comprises three basic topographical areas namely the Swiss Alps, the Swiss plateau, and the Jura mountains. Switzerland has four official languages namely German, French, Italian and Romansh.
Lugano is a city in south-east Switzerland, in the Italian speaking canton of Ticino, which borders Italy. The city has a peculiarly Italian character. It is the largest town in Ticino. Since its merger with some surrounding municipalities like Cureggia, Breganzona, Gandria, Davesco-Soragno, Pazzallo, Pambio-Noranco, Pregassona, and Viganello in 2004, the city has a population of 52,000, with the whole agglomeration’s population at about 115,000.
The tourism-based economy provides an estimated 38,000 jobs for the region. Also, the city is Switzerland's fourth major banking center, after Basel, Zurich and Geneva. The population is Italian-speaking and mainly Roman Catholic. In Lugano, there are many Museums which include Modern Art Museum, Museum of Extraeuropean Cultures Cantonal Art Museum Foundation Aligi Sassu and Helenita Olivares, Historical Museum Cantonal Museum on Natural, Swiss Custom Museum, Municipal Art Museum, Wilhelm Schmid Museum and Gottardo Gallery.
A city known for its historic myths and traditions, scenic beauty, luxurious hotels and cottages, Lugano is one of the favorite holiday destinations for most of the vacation lovers.

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