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Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a landlocked Alpine country in Central Europe. The country, which borders Germany to the north, France to the west, Italy to the south, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east, was historically a confederation, and has been a federation since 1848. Switzerland is a federation of relatively autonomous cantons, some of which have a history of confederacy that goes back more than 700 years, arguably putting them among the world's oldest surviving republics. With an area of 41,285 square kilometers, Switzerland is a relatively small country. Switzerland comprises three basic topographical areas namely the Swiss Alps, the Swiss plateau, and the Jura Mountains. Switzerland has four official languages namely German, French, Italian and Romansh.
Nyon is a town in the canton of Vaud, in Switzerland, some 25 kilometers to the north of Geneva on the shores of Lake Leman and is the seat of the district of Nyon. It was founded by the Romans between 50 and 44 BC under the name of Colonia lulia equestris, the urban center of which was called Noviodunum.
The town grew to be one of the most important Roman colonies in Switzerland, with a forum, a basilica and an amphitheater that was discovered only recently, in 1996, when digging for the construction of a new building. The population of the town as of 2006 is 17267. The total area of the town is 6.82 square kilometers. The modern town of Nyon has about 17,000 inhabitants and is growing with fast, convenient and efficient rail and road access to both Geneva and Lausanne, the two biggest cities in the area. It has a high school, a modern hospital, a movie theater, numerous hotels, restaurants, cafes and many more.
The town is best-known on the international stage as the home of the headquarters for UEFA, Union of European Football Associations, which is the governing body for football in Europe. It is also the seat of the international headquarters of the global union federation Union Network International. In the last week of July each year, Nyon hosts the Paleo Festival, one of the largest music festivals in Switzerland. Nyon is one of the preeminent, historical and potential tourism destinations that are located in the canton of Vaud in Switzerland.

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