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Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a landlocked Alpine country in Central Europe. The country, which borders Germany to the north, France to the west, Italy to the south, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east, was historically a confederation, and has been a federation since 1848. Switzerland is a federation of relatively autonomous cantons, some of which have a history of confederacy that goes back more than 700 years, arguably putting them among the world's oldest surviving republics. With an area of 41,285 square kilometres, Switzerland is a relatively small country. Switzerland comprises three basic topographical areas namely the Swiss Alps, the Swiss plateau, and the Jura Mountains. Switzerland has four official languages namely German, French, Italian and Romansh.
Schaffhausen is a municipality in northern Switzerland and the capital of the canton of the same name. It had an estimated population of 33,527 as of March 31, 2005 with area of the city is 31 square kilometers. The first railroad came to Schaffhausen in 1857. Schaffhausen is situated in a finger of Swiss territory surrounded on three sides by Germany.
The old portion of the town has many fine renaissance era buildings decorated with exterior frescos and sculpture, as well as the impressive old canton fortress, the Munot. A train runs out of town to the nearby Rhine Falls in Neuhausen am Rheinfall, Europe's biggest waterfall, a tourist attraction. Schaffhausen is the capital of the Swiss Canton of Schaffhausen. Schaffhausen is an attractive city with natural beauty and historical places, while traveling in Switzerland.

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