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Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a landlocked Alpine country in Central Europe. The country, which borders Germany to the north, France to the west, Italy to the south, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east, was historically a confederation, and has been a federation since 1848. Switzerland is a federation of relatively autonomous cantons, some of which have a history of confederacy that goes back more than 700 years, arguably putting them among the world's oldest surviving republics. With an area of 41,285 square kilometres, Switzerland is a relatively small country. Switzerland comprises three basic topographical areas namely the Swiss Alps, the Swiss plateau, and the Jura mountains. Switzerland has four official languages namely German, French, Italian and Romansh.
Chur, a city and former prince-bishopric rman Chur, Romansh Cuira, Italian Coira, is the capital of the Swiss canton of Graubunden and is located in the northern part of the canton. The city of Chur, the residence of the bishop and capital of the Canton of Graubunden, is over 5,000 years old, rightfully claiming to be the oldest Swiss city. The city is built at a height of 1949 feet above the sea-level, on the right bank of the Plessur torrent.
The city has 33,500 inhabitants and the languages spoken include Swiss German, Italian and Romansh. In 1900 of its 11,532 inhabitants, 9288 were German-speaking, 1466 Romansch-speaking, and 677 Italian speaking while 7561 were Protestants, 3962 Roman Catholics and one a Jew. The water of the city’s spring is exported and sold as Passugger mineral water.
A city known for its historic myths and traditions, scenic beauty, luxurious hotels and cottages, Chur is one of the favorite holiday destinations for most of the vacation lovers.

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